The 2021: Bicentennial Projects initiative, in association with the Ministry of Culture and the Municipality of Lima, announces the launch of an international open competition for the design of a public park in the Pachacamac Sanctuary, south of Lima. The project will protect the Sanctuary from future land invasions and provide the city with a metropolitan-scale park.
The Pachacamac Sanctuary is located in the central coast of Peru, on the foothills of the Andes, south of Lima. The area houses some of the most important archeological structures in Peru, representing more than fifteen centuries of human occupation. The design of a park along the northern perimeter of the Sanctuary is an invitation to reflect on the relationship that Lima should have with its archaeological heritage and arid landscape.
On the one hand, the design of a linear park should give greater cohesion and connectivity to recent projects in the area; namely, the National Museum of Archeology (MUNA), the Pachacamac Site Museum, and the Urpi Wachaq initiative for the recovery of wetlands. On the other, the project should act as a buffer, not only protecting the Sanctuary from future land invasions, but also offering services, cultural programs and recreational areas for the local and metropolitan population. A park of this scale would thus help consolidate the Pachacamac Sanctuary as one of the most important heritage sites in Peru as well as a key precedent for park design in Lima.
The Pachacamac Master Plan —a document sponsored by UNESCO and the COPESCO National Plan— was approved by an executive order in 2014. This document calls for the design of a linear park along the perimeter of the archaeological site; it also underscores the need for “appropriation, identification and valuation of the Sanctuary by nearby and faraway communities.” In other words, the park should not only protect the Sanctuary but also ensure its proper integration to the city. The competition therefore encourages participants to consider the cultural, ecological and social complexities of the site to achieve such integration.
The team representative must have previously built, or is in the process of constructing, a building, park or square of more than 1,500 m2.
Lucia Allais is an architectural historian and critic who writes about the relationship between architecture, technology and politics in the modern period, with a special focus on global practices and international institutions. Her first book, Designs of Destruction (Chicago, 2018) recounts the invention of the “cultural monument” as a global building type in the mid-20th Century. Recent articles include “The Architecture of Mediocracy,” about the design of the UNESCO headquarters, in Marcel Breuer: Building Global Institutions, “Integrities” about the Salvage of the Abu Simbel temples, and “Amplified Humanity and the Architectural Criminal”, on the destruction and rebuilding of Timbuktu’s mausolea in 2012. A short history of architectural rendering will be published in 2019 in the edited volume Design Instruments. She is currently researching her next book, which includes a chapter on the work of George Kubler in the rebuilding of Cuzco, Peru, after the 1950 earthquake.
Allais has curated a number of exhibitions, including “Legible Pompeii” at the 2014 Venice Biennale and “Mixed Being” at the 2016 Istanbul Triennale. Her work has been supported by fellowships, including from the CASVA, the Graham Foundation, the Harvard Center for European Studies, the Radcliffe Institute, and the Princeton Society of Fellows. Allais received her B.S.E from Princeton, her M.Arch from Harvard and her Ph.D from MIT. She is associate professor with tenure at Princeton University, a member of the Aggregate Architectural History Collaborative, and an editor of Grey Room.
Alan M. Berger is the Norman B. and Muriel Leventhal Professor of Advanced Urbanism at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Urban Studies & Planning. Prior to MIT, Berger was Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture at Harvard–GSD, where he founded The Project for Reclamation Excellence (P-REX), a research group focused on environmental issues caused by urbanization, including the design, remediation, and reuse of landscapes worldwide. Most recently, he partnered with the Toyota Mobility Foundation to explore the impact of autonomous transportation on suburban landscapes.
He is the author of numerous books, including the award-winning Drosscape: Wasting Land in Urban America and Reclaiming the American West. His other books include Designing the Reclaimed Landscape, The Infrastructural Monument, Scaling Infrastructure (with Alexander D’Hooghe) and Nansha Coastal City: Landscape and Urbanism in the Pearl River Delta (with Margaret Crawford). His most recently published books are Infinite Suburbia (with Joel Kotkin, Celina Balderas Guzman), Systemic Design Can Change the World and Landscape + Urbanism Around the Bay of Mumbai (with Rahul Mehrotra). He also co-edited LCAU’s 2013 Report on the State of Health + Urbanism (with Andrew Scott). He is a Prince Charitable Trusts Fellow of The American Academy in Rome.
Paulo Dam is chair of the Department of Architecture at the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, where he is also a full professor and researcher at the Centro de Investigación de la Arquitectura y la Ciudad (CIAC). He studied architecture at the Universidad Ricardo Palma and holds a Ph.D in Architectural Theory from the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. He regularly teaches design studios and is a member of Modelando el Mundo, a research group focused on architectural theory, representation and landscape. Dam has edited the book lacan: arquitectura (2009) and is the co-author of Modelando el Mundo: Imágenes de la arquitectura precolombina (2011) and Post Ilusiones—Nuevas Visiones: Arte crítico en Lima. 1985-2005 (2006). He founded the publication series Dar (decir arquitectura), dedicated to the visual and written exploration of landscape and architecture.
Dam was a member of the winning team for the National Museum (MUNA) competition in 2016 and has been involved in several curatorial projects and exhibition designs since the early 2000s. He curated the exhibition Huacas de Lima desde el cielo y la tierra (2013) and was responsable for the design of the exhibition Líneas, palabras, cosas: Luz María Bedoya (ICPNA, 2014). Additionally, he designed a series of models for the Eielson exhibition at The Lima Art Museum (MALI, 2017) and participated as an artist in the exhibition Coordenadas Alteradas (ICPNA, 2017). In 2018, the Ministry of Culture commissioned him to design the Peruvian pavilion at the ARCO Madrid Art Fair 2019.
Tom Emerson co-founded 6a architects in London with Stephanie Macdonald in 2001. Building mainly with and for the arts, the practice recently completed a photography studio complex for Juergen Teller and Cowan Court at Churchill College Cambridge, for which it has received several RIBA Awards and the Schelling Medal for Architecture in 2012. Recent publications include Never Modern (2014) with Irénée Scalbert and a monograph published by El Croquis in 2018. Emerson has taught at the Architectural Association (2000-04), Cambridge University (2004-10) and has been professor of architecture at the ETH Zurich since 2010. Much of the current work of 6a and teaching at ETH is concerned with the role of nature, gardens and landscape as a force within architecture rather than outside it.
At ETH, Studio Tom Emerson produces both built work and an on-going series of explorations on the future of the European city and landscape under the title Atlas, which focuses on empirical surveys. In 2016, the studio produced the floating headquarters for Manifesta 11 as a pavilion, cinema, public space in Lake Zurich. In 2018, he led the design and construction of a pavilion in Pachacamac with students from the ETH and the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP).
Danilo Martic is a partner at Lyon Bosch + Martic Arquitectos, an architecture and landscape architecture firm based in Santiago, Chile. He is an Associate Professor at the Architecture School of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and has taught at the University of Pennsylvania’s Landscape Architecture Department. As a graduate of said department, he received the Faculty Medal in Landscape Architecture and the Landscape Architecture Prize in Theory and Criticism, among other awards. He worked as a Landscape Designer at The Olin Studio in Philadelphia and was Associate Landscape Designer at James Corner Field Operations during the development of The High Line project in New York City.
He has participated in numerous landscape architecture competitions and received first prize in the Parque Isla Cautín competition (Temuco, 2011), the Parque de la Ciudadanía competition (Santiago, 2012) with Teodoro Fernández, the Nueva Alameda Providencia international competition (Santiago, 2015) with Lyon–Bosch arquitectos, and the Parque Metropolitano Cerros de Chena competition (Santiago, 2016) with Teodoro Fernández and Lyon–Bosch arquitectos. His work has been published extensively, both in Chile and abroad.
February 11th, 2019
March 11th, 2019 at 11:59 PM (UTC–05:00)
Questions may be submitted until March 4th, 2019. Grouped replies will be posted on the website on March 11th, 2019.
Entries may be submitted until April 25th, 2019 at 3 PM (UTC–05:00)
The jury will meet in Lima from April 28th to May 5th, 2019.
Finalists will present their projects to the jury on May 4th, 2019.
Competition results will be published on May 10th, 2019.